Criteria Marking sheet



Climate Change & Australia

Climate change according to Corcoran and Dickenson’s Dictionary of Australian Politics is a ‘significant change in the average weather pattern’. But Australian knows it’s certainly more than that which most of us have felt from the extreme weather changes that we experience (Barrie, 2016). Climate change affects the excellent agriculture that Australia prides itself on, some of these include, the Great Barrier Reef, the cattle industry and the rainforests.

Climate change is the effect of unrestrained contamination. Once carbon emissions caused by human action enter the air, they have dangerous implications for the atmosphere, the economy, and our wellbeing (Barrie, 2016). Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull sees the need for change concerning climate change and aims to tackle it. Read here for more info.


Leading scientists say that climate change will increase in frequency and intensity of weather events. Sea levels are at risk for coastal communities, also the oceans are rising in acidity which is too acidic to support organisms in the marine. The carbon trapped in the earth’s atmosphere caused from the pollution of mainly coal and oil production, heats up and alters the climate patterns of the earth (Dabner, 2016).

Politically climate change has been on the agenda for many prime ministers and lobby groups in Australia; this is because ‘we live in the land of droughts and flooding rains. And fires too.’ Mr Turnbull stated (Hunter & Lee, 2016). According to the liberal website, the Turnbull government aimed to

  • ‘play our part in the global challenge of climate change. Australia has signed the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
  • Beat our 2020 target by 78 million tonnes, and have set an ambitious target of reductions of up to 28% by 2030 based on 2005 levels. That is equivalent to reducing emissions per capita by up to 52%– the second largest reduction of any G20 economy.’


(“Protecting our environment,” 2016)


Barrie, C. (2016). Climate change, security and the Australian Defence Force. United Service, 67(2), 13.

Dabner, J. (2016). Fiscal responses to climate change in Australia: a comparison with California. Australian Tax Forum, 31(1), 131-166.

Hunter, F., & Lee, J. (2016, June 9). Malcolm Turnbull’s warning on climate change disasters Retrieved from

Protecting our environment. (2016, September 5). Retrieved September 17, 2016, from Liberal,

Legal Adoption for same sex couples

In light of the recent events highlighted by this article below, the issue of marriage equality arises as a result, more politically relevant matters such as the legalisation of same-sex adoption in Australia arises.

According to, 74% of Australians believe LBGT couples should be allowed to adopt. However, currently, same-sex couples can only apply for adoption in Western Australia, the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales.  Whereas opposite sex couples can apply in any state. States such as Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and the Northern Territory do not permit same-sex couples to adopt children. Furthermore, this demonstrates discrimination on the shores of a country built on diversity (Maxwell & Kelsey, 2014).



Even though there are many same-sex couples who already are the head of a family, whether by previous relationships or through assisted reproductive technology (ART) there is still a significant amount that would prefer to adopt Australian children and give them a chance at a better life(Maxwell & Kelsey, 2014). Federal laws acknowledge the relationship amongst an opposite-sex couple and the child conceived within ART; they do not recognise the relationship between a same-sex couple and their child conceived through ART (Ulrike,2012).

Legalising same sex couple adoption in all states would decrease the amount of children in foster homes (You-Ta, Church, Ophir, 2011). Statistics gathered from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare show that there were 43,009 Australian children living in out-of-home care as of 30th June 2014. (AIHW, 2015) This number has increased after 7.7/1,000 children at 30 June 2013 towards 8.1/1,000 children at 30 June 2014(“Diversity in Australian same-sex parented families,” 2016). Although there is an obvious answer to decreasing this number especially in states including Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and the Northern Territory, there has been no legislative change (Ulrike,2012).

If you enjoyed this, you will find this article particularly relevant


Diversity in Australian same-sex parented families. (2016). Retrieved September 17, 2016, from Australian Institute of Family Studies,


Maxwell, m. E., & Kelsey, g. (2014). Second parent adoption: same-sex and the best interest of the child. Journal Of Health & Human Services Administration, 37(2), 260-299.


Ulrike. (2012, November 27). Exploring gay adoption. Retrieved September 17, 2016, from GNN Gay News Network,


You-Ta, C., Church, R., & Ophir, R. (2011). Taking Sides: The Interactive Influences of Institutional Mechanisms on the Adoption of Same-Sex Partner Health Benefits by Fortune 500 Corporations, 1990-2003. Organization Science, 22(1), 190-209.



Global terrorism rises!

Terrorism is a term for organised violence or intimidation to achieve a political or ideological goal (Dickenson & Corcoran, 2010). The increasing amount of terrorist attacks around the world concerns for everyone. These attacks are often too brutish, outrageous and chilling for ordinary people to hear. But unfortunately, they have gone too long hidden from the world, and people need to start opening their ears and see what’s going on around them.

Destinations with a “high” threat of terror

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Algeria
  3. Australia
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Belgium
  7. Burma (Myanmar)
  8. Cameroon
  9. Chad
  10. Colombia
  11. Egypt
  12. Ethiopia
  13. France
  14. Germany
  15. India
  16. Indonesia
  17. Iraq
  18. Israel
  19. Ivory Coast
  20. Jordan
  21. Kenya
  22. Lebanon
  23. Libya
  24. Malaysia
  25. Mali
  26. Mauritania
  27. Morocco
  28. Niger
  29. Nigeria
  30. Pakistan
  31. Palestinian territories
  32. Philippines
  33. Russia
  34. Saudi Arabia
  35. Somalia
  36. Spain
  37. Syria
  38. Thailand
  39. Tunisia
  40. Turkey
  41. UAE
  42. Western Sahara
  43. Yemen

(Smith, 2016)


There is a large amount of countries on that list. The Global Terrorism is a global issue that needs to be eradicated. However, it’s not that simple because these terrorist groups are large, rich and powerful like the Daesh (ISIL) and the Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (TAK).


Terrorism has not only a social impact on the world but also a massive economic impact. Terrorist attacks like bombings cost countries millions in property damages. The attacks of 11 September 2001 have produced many studies attempting to guess the effect of terrorist attacks on the economy. An International Monetary Fund study estimated that losses from attacks amounted for US $ 75 billion per year, or 0.75% of GDP (Rădulescu, 2016). The world we live in constantly under attack by political activists, the carnage of terror attacks affects the globe not just socially but also economically.






Calkin, A. B. (2015). The Global War on Terror. Behavioral Development Bulletin, 20(2), 133-136. doi:10.1037/h0101378


Jackie Dickenson, Robert Corcoran (2010). A Dictionary of Australian Politics., Australia: Allen & Unwin.


Kerridge, B. T., Khan, M. R., Rehm, J., & Sapkota, A. (2014). Terrorism, civil war and related violence and substance use disorder morbidity and mortality: a global analysis. Journal Of Epidemiology And Global Health, 4(1), 61-72. doi:10.1016/j.jegh.2013.10.003


Rădulescu, I. G. (2016). Terrorism and its Impact on Global Economy. Economic Insights – Trends & Challenges, 68(2), 87-94.


Smith, O. (2016, July 15). Mapped: Terror threat around the world. The Telegraph. Retrieved from


Marriage Equality

64% of Australians support marriage equality, but still, same-sex couples remain discriminated (Galaxy Research 2012). Same-sex marriage has been a controversial topic in Australian politics for many years, and support for this issue is trending upwards. Out of 150 members of the House of Representatives 82 openly support the movement for same-sex marriage, which is more than 55%. The difference between conservative politicians and innovative politicians remains evident (Australian Marriage Equality 2016).


The Australian Greens- out of all political parties that support same-sex marriage have remained consistent in supporting equality (Gately 2015). The Greens believe a person’s gender or sexuality should not affect their legal rights and responsibilities under Australian marriage law (ABC News 2016).Local Member for Capricornia, Michelle Landry (liberal party) remains undeclared in the fight for equality, whereas competitor Leisa Neaten (labour party) openly supports gay marriage, click here to see what Neaton’s comments (ABC News 2016 & Gately 2015).

“Self-evidently gay marriage is a matter of natural justice. It in no way stops religions or individuals acting in accord with their conscientious views. It’s not a left-right issue” Nick Greiner AC, former NSW premier.


Nick Greiner (photo Jessica Hromas)


Even though the Australian public supports marriage equality, The Australian Marriage Act 1961 still states clearly ‘marriage means the union of a man and a woman to the exclusion of all others, voluntarily entered into for life’. Which has the Australian public asking how hard is it to substitute it to ‘The union of two people to the exclusion of all others, voluntarily entered into for life’ ?(Ireland 2016).



As society changes, many aspects affect the lifestyle choices of individuals; trends regarding sexual preference or sexuality have changed the way people live (Kail, Acosta & Wright 2015). In perspective, the current definition of marriage is not relevant to Australia’s modern and future society (Fisher 2016). Today’s modern and future society has a rapid growth rate of homosexuals, interested in the union of marriage (ABC News 2016). With this growing rate of same-sex, civil partnerships make the current definition of marriage, irrelevant to modern and future society.


Australian Marriage Equality. (2016). Retrieved 26 July 2016, from

Fisher, A. (2016). Same-sex ‘marriage’: Evolution or deconstruction of marriage and the family?. Australasian Catholic Record, The, 93(2), 145.

Gately, M. (2015). Leisa Neaton voices marriage equality support. Rockhampton Morning Bulletin. Retrieved 26 July 2016, from

Ireland, J. (2016). Same-sex marriage: Federal Parliament’s political football of choice. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 July 2016, from

Kail, B. L., Acosta, K. L., & Wright, E. R. (2015). State-Level Marriage Equality and the Health of Same-Sex Couples. American Journal Of Public Health, 105(6), 1101-1105 5p. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302589

Marriage Act 1961. Retrieved 26 July 2016, from

Same-sex marriage: Let’s get it sorted and move on. (2016). ABC News. Retrieved 26 July 2016, from’s-get-it-sorted-and-move-on/7231770